The diet itself is a calorie-restricted meal plan in which dieters eat very few fats and carbs.
The few calories consumed are mostly protein, along with a tiny amount of the HCG hormone in the form of injections, drops, or pellets.
HCG tells your body to burn the stored fat when you are eating less, as well as informing it that it is not hungry.
A normal diet usually consists of 1800 to 2200 calories a day.
The HCG diet can be compared to eating only one small meal, spread throughout an entire day.
The original Simeons protocol was very strict with many particular rules.
These rules were: no massages, a very limited amount of beauty essentials and makeup, no butter or oil, only one tablespoon of milk a day (usually in one’s coffee), no sugar, salmon, eel, tuna, herring, dried or pickled fish, and very limited amounts of gluten.
A typical breakfast was coffee or tea, unsweetened. Lunch and dinner were one of the following choices:
- 100g boiled or grilled beef, white fish, chicken breast, lobster/crab/shrimp, or veal.
- One of the following: spinach, chard, chicory, beet-greens, green salad, tomatoes, celery, fennel, onions, red radishes, cucumbers, asparagus, cabbage.
- One breadstick or piece of Melba toast.
One snack consisting of an apple, orange, or a handful of strawberries or one-half grapefruit was also permitted.
In addition, the dieter was supplemented with 23 injections a day for a 26-day period.
Dr. Simeons made exceptions for very obese patients, saying:
“When a patient has more than 15 pounds to lose, the treatment takes longer, but the maximum we give in a single course is 40 injections, nor do we, as a rule, allow patients to lose more than 34 lbs. (15 Kg.) at a time.
The treatment is stopped when either 34lbs. have been lost or 40 injections have been given.
The only exception we make is in the case of grotesquely obese patients, who may be allowed to lose an additional 5-6 lbs. if this occurs before the 40 injections are up.” (3)
While there have been a few modifications to the diet since the 1950’s with the allowed calorie intake rising from 500 to 1000, it is still based on organic vegetables, meats, and fish.
The emphasis is still on low fat and carb consumption, mostly protein- and fiber-rich foods, and no alcohol, dairy or sugar.
Meals portions are very small: fruit for breakfast, as well as a small amount of protein and vegetables for lunch and dinner.
The allowed snacks are fruit and water. (4)